Xamarin.Tips – Creating a Material Design Button in iOS

As per requests after my last post on creating a more Material looking Xamarin.Forms Frame on iOS, I’ll start talking about bringing a more material design feel to other controls in iOS. This time we’ll look at getting a more material Button control, first to be usable without Xamarin.Forms, then in a custom renderer that we can use everywhere and apply to all our Buttons.

Keep in mind, this does not hit upon all the pieces of a Material Design Button that you might see in Android. For example, it does not show a ripple on tap, and does not raise the elevation on tap. Those topics will come in a different blog post!

Let’s get down to it with a custom UIButton that applies a material-ish shadow to our button.

MaterialButton.cs

    public class MaterialButton : UIButton
    {
        public override void Draw(CGRect rect)
        {
            base.Draw(rect);

            // don't do it on transparent bg buttons
            if (BackgroundColor.CGColor.Alpha == 0)
                return;

            // Update shadow to match better material design standards of elevation
            Layer.ShadowRadius = 2.0f;
            Layer.ShadowColor = UIColor.Gray.CGColor;
            Layer.ShadowOffset = new CGSize(2, 2);
            Layer.ShadowOpacity = 0.80f;
            Layer.ShadowPath = UIBezierPath.FromRect(Layer.Bounds).CGPath;
            Layer.MasksToBounds = false;
        }
    }

You can see that we basically just apply a specific shadow to our base Layer of the control.

Now, let’s interpret this into a custom renderer for Xamarin.Forms:

MaterialButtonRenderer.cs

[assembly: ExportRenderer(typeof(Button), typeof(MaterialButtonRenderer))]
namespace YOUR_IOS_NAMESPACE
{
    public class MaterialButtonRenderer : ButtonRenderer
    {
        public override void Draw(CGRect rect)
        {
            base.Draw(rect);

            // don't do it on transparent bg buttons
            if (Element.BackgroundColor.A == 0)
                return;

            // Update shadow to match better material design standards of elevation
            Layer.ShadowRadius = 2.0f;
            Layer.ShadowColor = UIColor.Gray.CGColor;
            Layer.ShadowOffset = new CGSize(2, 2);
            Layer.ShadowOpacity = 0.80f;
            Layer.ShadowPath = UIBezierPath.FromRect(Layer.Bounds).CGPath;
            Layer.MasksToBounds = false;

        }
    }
}

This will apply the shadow to any regular Button Element. If you want to create a whole new Element that will allow you to use it in specific places, you could either create an Effect, or you can create a new class that subclasses Xamarin.Forms.Button, and then update the renderer to fit that class:

MaterialButton.xaml.cs

public partial class MaterialButton : Button
{
    // we don't need to do anything special here since we do all the custom work in the iOS Renderer
}

and of course our updated renderer

MaterialButtonRenderer.cs

[assembly: ExportRenderer(typeof(MaterialButton), typeof(MaterialButtonRenderer))]
namespace YOUR_IOS_NAMESPACE
{
    public class MaterialButtonRenderer : ButtonRenderer
    {
        public override void Draw(CGRect rect)
        {
            base.Draw(rect);

            // don't do it on transparent bg buttons
            if (Element.BackgroundColor.A == 0)
                return;

            // Update shadow to match better material design standards of elevation
            Layer.ShadowRadius = 2.0f;
            Layer.ShadowColor = UIColor.Gray.CGColor;
            Layer.ShadowOffset = new CGSize(2, 2);
            Layer.ShadowOpacity = 0.80f;
            Layer.ShadowPath = UIBezierPath.FromRect(Layer.Bounds).CGPath;
            Layer.MasksToBounds = false;

        }
    }
}

Now your control should go from this:

iOSRegularButton

To this:

iOSMaterialButton

Make sure to stay tuned for more Material Design styled controls brought to iOS, and adding some advanced features like rippled clicks and elevation changes/settings.

If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

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2 thoughts on “Xamarin.Tips – Creating a Material Design Button in iOS”

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