Xamarin.Tip – Expanding ViewCells

Here’s another helpful Xamarin tip to allow you to expand your ViewCells – for example when the user taps a ViewCell, expand it to reveal more information.
Take this gif as an example:

ExpandingCell

There are 3 major parts to making a feature like this work:
1. Bind visibility to the hidden parts of your cell
2. Handle updating that visibility on selection or tap
3. Force the ViewCell to remeasure its size to show the hidden bits.

Let’s first create a new class called ExpandingViewCell:

ExpandingViewCell.cs

/// <summary>
/// Expanding view cell.
/// </summary>
public class ExpandingViewCell : ViewCell
{
    protected override void OnTapped()
    {
        base.OnTapped();
        ForceUpdateSize();
    }
}

Yeah it’s literally that stupid easy. Override OnTapped and call ForceUpdateSize(). However, it’s important to note that this is so easy because of the order – calling the base.OnTapped() first allows for your click / select events to fire off before measuring the size. This means that if we bind an update to show / hide certain controls on tap, those will show first, then we remeasure to make sure they fit.

Here’s the XAML for the ViewCell shown in the gif above:

<components:ExpandingViewCell>
    <StackLayout Orientation="Vertical" Spacing="4" Padding="64,8,16,8" Margin="0">
        <Label Text="{Binding DateLabel}" IsVisible="{Binding ShowDate}" Style="{DynamicResource BodySecondary}" HorizontalOptions="End" HorizontalTextAlignment="End" />
        <Frame CornerRadius="12" Padding="12" Margin="0" BackgroundColor="{Binding MessageColor, Converter={StaticResource ColorConverter}}" VerticalOptions="Center" HorizontalOptions="EndAndExpand" effects:LongPressedEffect.Command="{Binding Path=BindingContext.MessageOptionsCommand,Source={x:Reference Page}}" effects:LongPressedEffect.CommandParameter="{Binding .}">
            <Frame.Effects>
                <effects:LongPressedEffect />
            </Frame.Effects>
            <Label Text="{Binding Content}" Style="{DynamicResource BodySecondary}" />
        </Frame>
        <Label Text="{Binding SentDateLabel}" IsVisible="{Binding IsSentDateVisible}" Style="{DynamicResource BodySecondary}" HorizontalOptions="End" HorizontalTextAlignment="End" />
    </StackLayout>
</components:ExpandingViewCell>

There is a lot going on in this cell (it’s a chat page after all, so it’s a feature rich cell). I even have some long press handlers from my LongPressedEffect that you can read about here: Xamarin.Tip – Xamarin.Forms Long Press Effect

The important pieces to note are the IsVisible="{Binding IsSentDateVisible}" to show the date label or not.

Now in order to update this, we need to bind our SelectedItem in our ListView.

Here’s an example from the gif:

<ListView x:Name="ChatListView" ItemsSource="{Binding Messages}" SelectedItem="{Binding SelectedMessage, Mode=TwoWay}" HasUnevenRows="True" SeparatorVisibility="None" ItemTemplate="{StaticResource BubbleSelector}" />

We use the DataTemplateSelector to choose between the sent bubble and the received bubble, but that isn’t important. If you want to read more about that, check out this doc from Xamarin: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/xamarin/xamarin-forms/app-fundamentals/templates/data-templates/selector

Now lastly, let’s look at what’s going on in the ViewModel behind the ListView and how we are binding the SelectedItem.

ChatPageViewModel.cs

...

public ChatMessageViewModel SelectedMessage
{
    get
    {
        return _selectedMessage;
    }
    set
    {
        Set(ref _selectedMessage, value);
        if (value != null)
        {
            ToggleDetails(value);
            SelectedMessage = null;
        }
    }
}

/// <summary>
/// Toggles the details of the given message.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="message">The message view model.</param>
private void ToggleDetails(ChatMessageViewModel message)
{
    message.ShowSenderName = !message.ShowSenderName;
    message.IsSentDateVisible = !message.IsSentDateVisible;
}

...

When the SelectedMessage we bound is changed, and not null, we toggle the ShowSenderName and the IsSentDateVisible to show/hide those views.

So the process looks like this:
– ViewCell is tapped
– ViewCell base call
– SelectedItem toggled
– SelectedMessage toggles the ViewModel properties
– Two way binding triggers to show / hide the inner views
– ViewCell ForceUpdateSize called
– ViewCell expands or collapses

And once again, we get a nice little effect like this!

ExpandingCell


If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

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Xamarin.Tip – Build Your Own CheckBox in Xamarin.Forms

So how many times have you looked this up? Maybe tried an open source control that didn’t quite work the way you wanted or was super restricted? Just used two different images and switch their IsVisible flag depending if it was tapped or not?
Screw that.

Here’s how you can build your own nice looking checkboxes for iOS and Android with Xamarin.Forms.

Getting Everything Together

So Android has a built in Checkbox view – so the decision on how to handle that is easy. However, iOS doesn’t like checkboxes… note sure why, but they don’t and don’t have a good built in UIControl for it. You could build your own, but I would suggest using BEMCheckbox: https://github.com/Boris-Em/BEMCheckBox

This thing looks good, works well, is super flexible, and well supported. Even better, our super awesome community has wrapped it in a good binding library and stuck it on NuGet!

GitHub: https://github.com/saturdaymp/XPlugins.iOS.BEMCheckBox
NuGet: https://www.nuget.org/packages/SaturdayMP.XPlugins.iOS.BEMCheckBox/

Let’s focus on using this for the iOS renderer, and get started building this damn thing once and for all.

The Xamarin.Forms Side

We’re going to need a bunch of properties for colors for different states, as well as a Command and Event for handling when the check changes. Here’s the class to encapsulate all that:

Checkbox.cs

using System;
using System.Windows.Input;
using Xamarin.Forms;
...

/// <summary>
/// A xamarin.forms custom checkbox control that will use native renderers under the hood
/// </summary>
public class Checkbox : View
{
    public event EventHandler OnCheckChanged;

    public static BindableProperty OutlineColorProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(OutlineColor), typeof(Color), typeof(Checkbox), Color.Black);
    public static BindableProperty InnerColorProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(InnerColor), typeof(Color), typeof(Checkbox), Color.White);
    public static BindableProperty CheckColorProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(CheckColor), typeof(Color), typeof(Checkbox), Color.Black);
    public static BindableProperty CheckedOutlineColorProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(CheckedOutlineColor), typeof(Color), typeof(Checkbox), Color.Black);
    public static BindableProperty CheckedInnerColorProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(CheckedInnerColor), typeof(Color), typeof(Checkbox), Color.White);
    public static BindableProperty IsCheckedProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(IsChecked), typeof(bool), typeof(Checkbox), false, BindingMode.TwoWay);
    public static BindableProperty CheckedCommandProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(CheckedCommand), typeof(ICommand), typeof(Checkbox), null);
    public static BindableProperty CheckedCommandParameterProperty = BindableProperty.Create(nameof(CheckedCommandParameter), typeof(object), typeof(Checkbox), null);

    public object CheckedCommandParameter
    {
        get
        {
            return GetValue(CheckedCommandParameterProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(CheckedCommandParameterProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public ICommand CheckedCommand
    {
        get
        {
            return (ICommand)GetValue(CheckedCommandProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(CheckedCommandProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public bool IsChecked
    {
        get
        {
            return (bool)GetValue(IsCheckedProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(IsCheckedProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color CheckColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(CheckColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(CheckColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color InnerColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(InnerColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(InnerColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color OutlineColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(OutlineColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(OutlineColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color CheckedInnerColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(CheckedInnerColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(CheckedInnerColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color CheckedOutlineColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(CheckedOutlineColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(CheckedOutlineColorProperty, value);
        }
    }

    public void FireCheckChange()
    {
        OnCheckChanged?.Invoke(this, new CheckChangedArgs
        {
            IsChecked = IsChecked
        });
    }

    public class CheckChangedArgs : EventArgs
    {
        public bool IsChecked { get; set; }
    }
}

Now that we have a component set up to manage all the different colors and handle the checked state and events, we need to create native renderers to use and update these!

Let’s start with Android.

Android Checkbox Renderer

Android has a built in CheckBox control, so we can use that directly in our renderer. Here’s what that might look like:

AndroidCheckboxRenderer.cs

using System;
using Android.Content;
using Android.Content.Res;
using Android.Support.V7.Widget;
using Android.Widget;
using Xamarin.Forms;
using Xamarin.Forms.Platform.Android;
...

/// <summary>
/// Xamarin.Forms custom renderer for the Checkbox control
/// </summary>
public class CheckboxRenderer : ViewRenderer<Checkbox, AppCompatCheckBox>, CompoundButton.IOnCheckedChangeListener
{
    private const int DEFAULT_SIZE = 28;

    public CheckboxRenderer(Context context) : base(context)
    {
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Used for registration with dependency service to ensure it isn't linked out
    /// </summary>
    public static void Init()
    {
        // intentionally empty
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Update element bindable property from event
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="buttonView">Button view.</param>
    /// <param name="isChecked">If set to <c>true</c> is checked.</param>
    public void OnCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView, bool isChecked)
    {
        ((IViewController)Element).SetValueFromRenderer(Checkbox.IsCheckedProperty, isChecked);
        Element.CheckedCommand?.Execute(Element.CheckedCommandParameter);
    }

    public override SizeRequest GetDesiredSize(int widthConstraint, int heightConstraint)
    {
        var sizeConstraint = base.GetDesiredSize(widthConstraint, heightConstraint);

        if (sizeConstraint.Request.Width == 0)
        {
            var width = widthConstraint;
            if (widthConstraint <= 0)
            {
                System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("Default values");
                width = DEFAULT_SIZE;
            }
            else if (widthConstraint <= 0)
            {
                width = DEFAULT_SIZE;
            }

            sizeConstraint = new SizeRequest(new Size(width, sizeConstraint.Request.Height),
                new Size(width, sizeConstraint.Minimum.Height));
        }

        return sizeConstraint;
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Called when the control is created or changed
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="e">E.</param>
    protected override void OnElementChanged(ElementChangedEventArgs<Checkbox> e)
    {
        base.OnElementChanged(e);
        if (e.NewElement != null)
        {
            if (Control == null)
            {
                var checkBox = new AppCompatCheckBox(Context);

                if (Element.OutlineColor != default(Color))
                {
                    var backgroundColor = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.OutlineColor);
                    checkBox.SupportButtonTintList = backgroundColor;
                    checkBox.BackgroundTintList = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.InnerColor);
                    checkBox.ForegroundTintList = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.OutlineColor);

                }
                checkBox.SetOnCheckedChangeListener(this);
                SetNativeControl(checkBox);
            }

            Control.Checked = e.NewElement.IsChecked;
        }
    }


    protected override void OnElementPropertyChanged(object sender, System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnElementPropertyChanged(sender, e);
        if (e.PropertyName == nameof(Element.IsChecked))
        {
            Control.Checked = Element.IsChecked;
        }
        else
        {
            var backgroundColor = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.CheckColor);
            Control.SupportButtonTintList = backgroundColor;
            Control.BackgroundTintList = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.InnerColor);
            Control.ForegroundTintList = GetBackgroundColorStateList(Element.OutlineColor);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sync from native control
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sender">Sender.</param>
    /// <param name="e">E.</param>
    private void CheckBoxCheckedChange(object sender, CompoundButton.CheckedChangeEventArgs e)
    {
        Element.IsChecked = e.IsChecked;
    }


    private ColorStateList GetBackgroundColorStateList(Color color)
    {
        return new ColorStateList(
            new[]
            {
                new[] {-global::Android.Resource.Attribute.StateEnabled}, // checked
                new[] {-global::Android.Resource.Attribute.StateChecked}, // unchecked
                new[] {global::Android.Resource.Attribute.StateChecked} // checked
            },
            new int[]
            {
                color.WithSaturation(0.1).ToAndroid(),
                color.ToAndroid(),
                color.ToAndroid()
            });
    }

}

This is basically just setting up the ColorStateList for the control based on the colors from the controls and then wiring up the state to and events to the Xamarin.Forms control we created and the native Android Checkbox.

Now let’s look at iOS.

iOS Checkbox Renderer

Unlike Android, iOS does NOT have any form of a Checkbox control. The most common workaround for this is to use a simple image of a check and a square and interchange them and manage the state. But we want more flexibility, animations, and all the fun stuff that comes with a fully built control.

Here’s how we solved this issue for this particular set of Controls – using the BEMCheckBox.

BEMCheckBox is a third party control from Boris-Em and our lovely Xamarin.Community has already created Bindings for it AND a NuGet package. Here are the links:

Be sure to install this NuGet package in your iOS project, and then we can get to work on the renderer:

iOSCheckboxRenderer.cs

using System;
using SaturdayMP.XPlugins.iOS;
using Xamarin.Forms;
using Xamarin.Forms.Platform.iOS;
...

/// <summary>
/// Xamarin.Forms custom renderer for the Checkbox control
/// </summary>
public class CheckboxRenderer : ViewRenderer<Checkbox, BEMCheckBox>
{
    private const int DEFAULT_SIZE = 28;

    /// <summary>
    /// Used for registration with dependency service to ensure it isn't linked out
    /// </summary>
    public static void Initialize()
    {
        // intentionally empty
    }


    public override SizeRequest GetDesiredSize(double widthConstraint, double heightConstraint)
    {
        var sizeConstraint = base.GetDesiredSize(widthConstraint, heightConstraint);

        if (sizeConstraint.Request.Width == 0)
        {
            var width = widthConstraint;
            if (widthConstraint <= 0)
            {
                System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("Default values");
                width = DEFAULT_SIZE;
            }
            else if (widthConstraint <= 0)
            {
                width = DEFAULT_SIZE;
            }

            sizeConstraint = new SizeRequest(new Size(width, sizeConstraint.Request.Height),
                new Size(width, sizeConstraint.Minimum.Height));
        }

        return sizeConstraint;
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Called when the control is created or changed
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="e">E.</param>
    protected override void OnElementChanged(ElementChangedEventArgs<Checkbox> e)
    {
        base.OnElementChanged(e);
        if (e.NewElement != null)
        {
            if (Control == null)
            {
                var checkBox = new BEMCheckBox();

                checkBox.BoxType = BEMBoxType.Square;
                checkBox.OnAnimationType = BEMAnimationType.Fill;
                checkBox.OffAnimationType = BEMAnimationType.Fill;

                // set default colors
                UpdateColors(checkBox);

                SetNativeControl(checkBox);
            }

            Control.On = e.NewElement.IsChecked;
            Control.ValueChanged += Control_ValueChanged;
        }
    }

    protected override void OnElementPropertyChanged(object sender, System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnElementPropertyChanged(sender, e);
        if(e.PropertyName == nameof(Element.IsChecked))
        {
            Control.On = Element.IsChecked; 
        }
        else
        {
            UpdateColors(Control);
        }
    }

    void Control_ValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Element.IsChecked = Control.On;
        Element.CheckedCommand?.Execute(Element.CheckedCommandParameter);
    }

    private void UpdateColors(BEMCheckBox nativeCheckBox)
    {
        nativeCheckBox.TintColor = Element.OutlineColor.ToUIColor();
        nativeCheckBox.OffFillColor = Element.InnerColor.ToUIColor();
        nativeCheckBox.OnFillColor = Element.CheckedInnerColor.ToUIColor();
        nativeCheckBox.OnTintColor = Element.CheckedOutlineColor.ToUIColor();
        nativeCheckBox.OnCheckColor = Element.CheckColor.ToUIColor();
    }
}

We follow the same sort of pattern as we did with the Android renderer, but this time we use the BEMCheckBox and wire up the colors, animation styles (which you can change to whatever you want), and setup the events and state.

Using the CheckBox

Now we can use this in our XAML with bindings and styles and everything. We can use it in lists for multi select, or anywhere else!

MainPage.xaml

...
 <StackLayout Orientation="Horizontal" Spacing="16">
    <components:Checkbox CheckedCommandParameter="{Binding .}" IsChecked="{Binding UseExistingAddress}" VerticalOptions="Center" OutlineColor="{DynamicResource PrimaryTextColor}" CheckedOutlineColor="{DynamicResource PrimaryTextColor}" CheckColor="{DynamicResource PrimaryColor}"  WidthRequest="{StaticResource CheckboxSize}" HeightRequest="{StaticResource CheckboxSize}"/>
    <Label Text="Use existing address" VerticalOptions="Center" Style="{DynamicResource BodySecondary}"/>
</StackLayout>
...

See how good it looks?

iOS with empty fill:
Screen Shot 2018-04-09 at 12.05.31 PM
Screen Shot 2018-04-09 at 12.03.19 PM

Android with fill:
Screen Shot 2018-04-09 at 12.05.24 PM
Screen Shot 2018-04-09 at 12.03.40 PM


If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

Xamarin.Tip – Updating a Xamarin.Forms Button Style When Disabled

Ever wanted to change the way the Xamarin.Forms disabled button looks? For example, changing the background color and text color, or the shape?

Here’s a quick tip with no custom renderers to build a Xamarin.Forms Button that can have its style updated when the IsEnabled is set to false. The concept is basically to create a class that inherits from Button, and keep track of the original Style property, then add a BindableProperty for the style to apply when disabled, and flip between the two when IsEnabled changes.

Here is what that class looks like:

DisablingButton.cs

/// <summary>
/// Xamarin.Forms Button that allows for applying a different style when enabled.
/// </summary>
public class DisablingButton : Button
{
    private Style _normalStyle;

    public static readonly BindableProperty DisabledStyleProperty =
        BindableProperty.Create(nameof(DisabledStyle), typeof(Style), typeof(DisablingButton), null, BindingMode.TwoWay, null, (obj, oldValue, newValue) => { });

    public Style DisabledStyle
    {
        get { return (Style)GetValue(DisabledStyleProperty); }
        set { SetValue(DisabledStyleProperty, value); }
    }

    public DisablingButton()
    {
        _normalStyle = Style;

        PropertyChanged += ExtendedButton_PropertyChanged;

    }

    private void ExtendedButton_PropertyChanged(object sender, System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.PropertyName == nameof(IsEnabled) && DisabledStyle != null)
        {
            if (IsEnabled)
                Style = _normalStyle;
            else
                Style = DisabledStyle;
        }
    }
}

So now we can use this with two different styles, and bind it all in our XAML. For example –

Styles.xaml

...
<Style x:Key="StickyBlueButton" TargetType="Button">
    <Setter Property="HeightRequest" Value="50"/>
    <Setter Property="BackgroundColor" Value="{DynamicResource BlueAccentColor}"/>
    <Setter Property="TextColor" Value="White"/>
    <Setter Property="BorderRadius" Value="0"/>
    <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="16"/>
    <Setter Property="FontAttributes" Value="Bold"/>
    <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0"/>
    <Setter Property="HorizontalOptions" Value="FillAndExpand"/>
    <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{StaticResource ProximaNovaBold}"/>
    <Setter Property="VerticalOptions" Value="End"/>
</Style>
<Style x:Key="StickyBlueButtonDisabled" TargetType="Button">
    <Setter Property="HeightRequest" Value="50"/>
    <Setter Property="BackgroundColor" Value="{DynamicResource LightGray}"/>
    <Setter Property="TextColor" Value="White"/>
    <Setter Property="BorderRadius" Value="0"/>
    <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="16"/>
    <Setter Property="FontAttributes" Value="Bold"/>
    <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0"/>
    <Setter Property="HorizontalOptions" Value="FillAndExpand"/>
    <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{StaticResource ProximaNovaBold}"/>
    <Setter Property="VerticalOptions" Value="End"/>
</Style>
...

and then use them in the page…

MainPage.xaml

...
<components:DisablingButton 
    IsEnabled="{Binding IsEnabled}"
    Command="{Binding CreateNewItemCommand}" 
    Style="{DynamicResource StickyBlueButton}" 
    DisabledStyle="{DynamicResource StickyBlueButtonDisabled}" 
    Text="Add item" />
...

And here’s what it looks like!

IsEnabled = true
Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 4.38.07 PM

IsEnabled = false
Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 4.41.59 PM


If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

Xamarin.Tip – Build Your Own AccordionView in Xamarin.Forms

If you’re like me, you probably tried to find some decent “Accordion” style view for your Xamarin.Forms app. You probably found some on NuGet that aren’t supported anymore or some old GitHub repositories. Here’s my advice – give up the search and just give in and build your own. But you don’t have to do it alone! Here is a guide to build a simple but flexible and reusable AccordionView. If enough people like it, maybe we’ll put it up on NuGet for consumption.

Here’s the approach we are taking – We need a list of “sections”. Each Section has a header and the body content. For the sake of the simple example, we’ll do it with just a label body, but this could easily be done with a DataTemplate or more complicated view (I use the HtmlLabel for this irl https://github.com/matteobortolazzo/HtmlLabelPlugin).

Let’s create a view called AccordionSectionView:

AccordionSectionView.xaml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ContentView xmlns="http://xamarin.com/schemas/2014/forms" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml" x:Class="YourNamespace.AccordionSectionView">
    <ContentView.Content>
        <StackLayout Orientation="Vertical" Spacing="0">
            <Grid x:Name="HeaderView">
                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="48"/>
                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <Label x:Name="HeaderLabel"  VerticalOptions="Center" Margin="16" LineBreakMode="WordWrap" />
                <Label x:Name="IndicatorLabel" Style="{DynamicResource BodySecondaryBold}"  FontSize="32" VerticalOptions="Center" HorizontalOptions="Center" HorizontalTextAlignment="Center" VerticalTextAlignment="Center" Margin="0,16,16,16" Grid.Column="1"/>
                <Grid.GestureRecognizers>
                    <TapGestureRecognizer Tapped="Handle_Tapped"/>
                </Grid.GestureRecognizers>
            </Grid>
            <Grid x:Name="BodyView">
                <Label x:Name="BodyLabel" Style="{DynamicResource Body}" FontSize="16" Margin="16"/>
            </Grid>
        </StackLayout>
    </ContentView.Content>
</ContentView>

So we have a StackLayout with a container Grid for the header and our header has a TapGestureRecognizer.

Now let’s look at how the code behind wires it all up.

AccordionSectionView.xaml.cs

/// <summary>
/// Accordion section view.
/// </summary>
public partial class AccordionSectionView : ContentView
{
    #region Bindable Properties
    public static BindableProperty HeaderBackgroundColorProperty = 
        BindableProperty.Create(nameof(HeaderBackgroundColor),                                                                                                      
            typeof(Color),                                                                                                  
            typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                              
            defaultValue: Color.Transparent,                                                                                               
            propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                                       
            {                                                                                                    
                ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateHeaderBackgroundColor();                                                                                                
            });

        public static BindableProperty HeaderOpenedBackgroundColorProperty = 
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(HeaderOpenedBackgroundColor),                                                                                                  
                typeof(Color),                                                                                                       
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),
                defaultValue: Color.Transparent,                                                                                                   
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                               
                {                                                                                                  
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateHeaderBackgroundColor();                                                                                              
                });

        public static BindableProperty HeaderTextColorProperty =
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(HeaderTextColor),                                                                                        
                typeof(Color),                                                                                                 
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                        
                defaultValue: Color.Black,                                                                                          
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                         
                {                                                                                             
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateHeaderTextColor((Color)newVal);                                                                                         
                });

        public static BindableProperty HeaderTextProperty =
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(HeaderTextProperty),                                                                                    
                typeof(string),                                                                                    
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                   
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                   
                {                                                                                      
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateHeaderText((string)newVal);                                                                                   
                });

        public static BindableProperty BodyTextColorProperty =
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(BodyTextColor),                                                                                      
                typeof(Color),                                                                                      
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                       
                defaultValue: Color.Black,                                                                                       
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                       
                {                                                                                         
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateBodyTextColor((Color)newVal)                                                                                     
                });

        public static BindableProperty BodyTextProperty = 
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(BodyText),                                                                                 
                typeof(string),                                                                                  
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                  
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                  
                {                                                                                      
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateBodyText((string)newVal);                                                                                 
                });


        public static BindableProperty IsBodyVisibleProperty = 
            BindableProperty.Create(nameof(IsBodyVisible),                                                                                             
                typeof(bool),                                                                                       
                typeof(AccordionSectionView),                                                                                      
                defaultValue: true,
                propertyChanged: (bindable, oldVal, newVal) =>                                                                                       
                {                                                                                           
                    ((AccordionSectionView)bindable).UpdateBodyVisibility((bool)newVal);                                                                                          
                });
    #endregion

    #region Public Properties
    public Color HeaderBackgroundColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(HeaderBackgroundColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(HeaderBackgroundColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color HeaderOpenedBackgroundColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(HeaderOpenedBackgroundColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
                SetValue(HeaderOpenedBackgroundColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color HeaderTextColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(HeaderTextColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(HeaderTextColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public string HeaderText
    {
        get
        {
            return (string)GetValue(HeaderTextProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(HeaderTextProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public Color BodyTextColor
    {
        get
        {
            return (Color)GetValue(BodyTextColorProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(BodyTextColorProperty, value);
        }
    }
    public string BodyText
    {
        get
        {
            return (string)GetValue(BodyTextProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(BodyTextProperty, value);
        }
    }

    public bool IsBodyVisible
    {
        get
        {
            return (bool)GetValue(IsBodyVisibleProperty);
        }
        set
        {
            SetValue(IsBodyVisibleProperty, value);
        }
    }

    #endregion


    public AccordionSectionView()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
        IsBodyVisible = false; 
        if (Resources != null)
        {
            Resources.MergedWith = typeof(PrimaryTheme);
        }
        else
        {
            Resources = new ResourceDictionary
            {
                MergedWith = typeof(PrimaryTheme)
            };
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the color of the header background.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="color">Color.</param>
    public void UpdateHeaderBackgroundColor(Color color)
    {
        HeaderView.BackgroundColor = color;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the color of the header background.
    /// </summary>
    public void UpdateHeaderBackgroundColor()
    {
        if (IsBodyVisible)
        {
            HeaderView.BackgroundColor = HeaderOpenedBackgroundColor;
            BodyView.BackgroundColor = HeaderOpenedBackgroundColor;
        }
        else
        {
            HeaderView.BackgroundColor = HeaderBackgroundColor;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the color of the header text.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="color">Color.</param>
    public void UpdateHeaderTextColor(Color color)
    {
        HeaderLabel.TextColor = color;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the color of the body text.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="color">Color.</param>
    public void UpdateBodyTextColor(Color color)
    {
        BodyLabel.TextColor = color;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the header text.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="text">Text.</param>
    public void UpdateHeaderText(string text)
    {
        HeaderLabel.Text = text;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Updates the body text.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="text">Text.</param>
    public void UpdateBodyText(string text)
    {
        BodyLabel.Text = text;
    }

    public void UpdateBodyVisibility(bool isVisible)
    {
        BodyView.IsVisible = isVisible;
        IndicatorLabel.Text = "+";
        if(isVisible)
        {
            IndicatorLabel.RotateTo(45, 100);
        }
        else
        {
            IndicatorLabel.RotateTo(0, 100);
        }
    }

    private void Handle_Tapped(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        IsBodyVisible = !IsBodyVisible;
        UpdateHeaderBackgroundColor();
    }
}

We start by wiring up some bindable properties for the look and feel of the header and body sections, and then handle animations of the IndicatorLabel when the body is opened and closed. These even lets us update the content when the body is opened or closed.

Now we can use this in our pages. Bonus points when used with me DynamicStackLayout control to create dynamic bindable accordions!

MainPage.xaml

...
 <suave:DynamicStackLayout x:Name="Accordion" Orientation="Vertical" ItemsSource="{Binding Items}" Spacing="1" BackgroundColor="{DynamicResource AlternateBackground}">
    <suave:DynamicStackLayout.ItemTemplate>
        <DataTemplate>
                <components:AccordionSectionView HeaderText="{Binding Title}" IsBodyVisible="False" HeaderBackgroundColor="White" HeaderOpenedBackgroundColor="{DynamicResource AlternateBackground}" HeaderTextColor="Black" BodyTextColor="Black" BodyText="{Binding HtmlContent}" />
        </DataTemplate>
    </suave:DynamicStackLayout.ItemTemplate>
</suave:DynamicStackLayout>
...

Now all together we have something pretty cool!
Screen Shot 2018-03-26 at 4.40.34 PM


Screen Shot 2018-03-26 at 4.40.48 PM

And that’s it! Let me know what you’ve done to build your own Accordions and collapsible views!



If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

Xamarin.Controls – Material Form Control Updates

A while back I put together a GitHub repository for Material Design Controls for form elements (Entry, Picker, etc.) for Xamarin.Forms (iOS, Android, and UWP).
You can find some of the original posts about that here:

And you can find the GitHub repo and NuGet package here:

In this post, I wanted to focus on some of the newer features I’ve added to the latest 2018.1.28-pre1 release.

The gist is:

  • Invalid vs. Valid State
  • Font updates
  • Color flexibility

With these, you can now specify updated default colors, invalid state colors, and the original focused accent colors.
Here’s an example of a Style resource that uses these:

    <!-- Material Entry Styles -->
    <Style x:Key="PrimaryMaterialEntry" TargetType="material:MaterialEntry">
        <Setter Property="AccentColor" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryColor}"/>
        <Setter Property="DefaultColor" Value="Gray"/>
        <Setter Property="InvalidColor" Value="Red"/>
    </Style>

What does validation state mean? You can attach behaviors to easily add validation to your material form controls. Here is an example behavior on the MaterialEntry that requires a length, and sets the state:

   /// <summary>
    /// Material entry length behavior. Allows for the limitation of the text with a min and max length
    /// </summary>
    public class MaterialEntryLengthValidationBehavior : Behavior<MaterialEntry>
    {
        public int MaxLength { get; set; }
        public int MinLength { get; set; } = 0;

        /// <summary>
        /// Attach events on attachment to view
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bindable">Bindable.</param>
        protected override void OnAttachedTo(MaterialEntry bindable)
        {
            base.OnAttachedTo(bindable);
            bindable.TextChanged += OnEntryTextChanged;
            bindable.EntryUnfocused += Bindable_EntryUnfocused;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Detach events on detaching from view
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bindable">Bindable.</param>
        protected override void OnDetachingFrom(MaterialEntry bindable)
        {
            base.OnDetachingFrom(bindable);
            bindable.TextChanged -= OnEntryTextChanged;
            bindable.EntryUnfocused -= Bindable_EntryUnfocused;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Stop text input once max is hit
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender">Sender.</param>
        /// <param name="e">E.</param>
        void OnEntryTextChanged(object sender, TextChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            var entry = (Entry)sender;

            if (entry.Text == null)
                return;

            // if Entry text is longer than valid length
            if (entry.Text.Length > this.MaxLength)
            {
                string entryText = entry.Text;

                entryText = entryText.Remove(entryText.Length - 1); // remove last char

                entry.Text = entryText;
            }


        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Set invalid on unfocus if the min is not met
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender">Sender.</param>
        /// <param name="e">E.</param>
        void Bindable_EntryUnfocused(object sender, FocusEventArgs e)
        {
            var entry = (MaterialEntry)sender;
            if (MinLength > 0)
            {
                if (entry.Text == null || entry.Text.Length < this.MinLength)
                {
                    entry.IsValid = false;
                }
                else
                {
                    entry.IsValid = true;
                }
            }
        }
    }

Then you can attach it to a MaterialEntry

<material:MaterialEntry Placeholder="CVV" Keyboard="Numeric" Text="{Binding CVV}" Style="{DynamicResource PrimaryMaterialEntry}">
    <material:MaterialEntry.Behaviors>
        <behaviors:MaterialEntryLengthValidationBehavior MaxLength="3" MinLength="3"/>
    </material:MaterialEntry.Behaviors>
</material:MaterialEntry>

And then you get:
Screen Shot 2018-02-22 at 4.19.52 PMScreen Shot 2018-02-22 at 4.19.57 PMScreen Shot 2018-02-22 at 4.20.03 PMScreen Shot 2018-02-22 at 4.20.11 PM

These validation states, and updated color properties are available on all the Material Forms controls, so install the preview nuget package and get started!

Install-Package MaterialFormControls -Version 2018.1.28-pre1

If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

Xamarin.NuGet – Xamarin.Forms Dynamic Bindable StackLayout

I recently released a component I commonly use in my Xamarin.Forms applications for binding data to a wrapping layout here: Xamarin.NuGet – DynamicWrapLayout Announcement! In the spirit of this type of control, I’ve also released a new NuGet package for a bindable DynamicStackLayout. It’s a simple control that allows you to create a StackLayout and bind an ItemsSource collection and an ItemTemplate. This is useful for smaller, but dynamic collections with the use of the orientation changing of a StackLayout. This means you could have a horizontally scrolling list of cards, bind the orientation or change it to vertical, and play with positioning more easily than using a ListView. I would still highly suggest using a ListView over this control for a standard vertical stack of dynamic content since this control does NOT use any view recycling or virtualization which can cause performance issues with large collections or constantly changing collection.

Get it here

NuGet: https://www.nuget.org/packages/DynamicStackLayout

Github: https://github.com/SuavePirate/DynamicStackLayout

In the end, you get something like this!

Be sure to read the documentation below:

DynamicStackLayout

A Xamarin.Forms layout for creating dynamically wrapped views. Inspired by the WrapLayout example: https://developer.xamarin.com/samples/xamarin-forms/UserInterface/CustomLayout/WrapLayout/

Installation

It’s on NuGet! https://www.nuget.org/packages/DynamicStackLayout/

Install-Package DynamicStackLayout

Be sure to install in all projects that use it.

Usage

There are two key properties that make this control useful – the ItemsSource (like a ListView) and the ItemTemplate (although, you can also just add children to the view – it does both!)
Be sure to wrap it in a ScrollView though

XAML

Add the xmlns:

xmlns:suave=&quot;clr-namespace:SuaveControls.DynamicStackLayout;assembly=SuaveControls.DynamicStackLayout&quot;

Use it in your View:

&lt;ScrollView&gt;
    &lt;suave:DynamicStackLayout ItemsSource=&quot;{Binding Items}&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;Fill&quot;&gt;
        &lt;suave:DynamicStackLayout.ItemTemplate&gt;
            &lt;DataTemplate&gt;
                &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
                    &lt;Label Text=&quot;{Binding .}&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
                &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
            &lt;/DataTemplate&gt;
        &lt;/suave:DynamicStackLayout.ItemTemplate&gt;
    &lt;/suave:DynamicStackLayout&gt;
&lt;/ScrollView&gt;

Don’t like data-binding and want to just use child views? You can do that too!

&lt;ScrollView&gt;
    &lt;suave:DynamicStackLayout HorizontalOptions=&quot;Fill&quot;&gt;
      &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
          &lt;Label Text=&quot;0&quot; TextColor=&quot;White&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
      &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
      &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
          &lt;Label Text=&quot;1&quot; TextColor=&quot;White&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
      &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
      &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
          &lt;Label Text=&quot;2&quot; TextColor=&quot;White&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
      &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
      &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
          &lt;Label Text=&quot;3&quot; TextColor=&quot;White&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
      &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
      &lt;StackLayout BackgroundColor=&quot;Gray&quot; WidthRequest=&quot;120&quot; HeightRequest=&quot;180&quot;&gt;
          &lt;Label Text=&quot;4&quot; TextColor=&quot;White&quot; VerticalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; HorizontalOptions=&quot;FillAndExpand&quot; VerticalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; HorizontalTextAlignment=&quot;Center&quot; /&gt;
      &lt;/StackLayout&gt;
    &lt;/suave:DynamicStackLayout&gt;
&lt;/ScrollView&gt;

Features

  • Bindable child views
  • Bindable to collections
  • Handles layout changing well (try rotating the device)
  • Doesn’t require custom renderers (All Xamarin.Forms baby!)

Notes

This does not use any native view virtualization, which means performance does not scale well with extremely large data sets.

Coming soon

  • ItemSelected event and SelectedItem bindable property (for now, you can add custom gestures and commands to your DataTemplate and handle the events yourself)
  • Better Collection Updating

 

If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.

Xamarin.iOS UITextField Shaker NuGet Announcement!

Shake up those text boxes with the newest UITextFieldShaker now available on NuGet!

This is a Xamarin.iOS Binding Library around a popular iOS extension called UITextField+Shake developed by Andrea Mazzini.

Check out the binding GitHub here: https://github.com/SuavePirate/UITextFieldShaker
And the NuGet here: https://www.nuget.org/packages/UITextFieldShaker/

UITextFieldShaker

Be sure to check out the documentation here or on GitHub:

Documentation


UITextFieldShaker

A Xamarin.iOS Binding implementation of the UITextField+Shaker extension.

Installation

Use NuGet!

Install-Package UITextFieldShaker

https://www.nuget.org/packages/UITextFieldShaker

Usage

Simply include the namespace, and start calling Shake() on your UITextFields!

MyTextField.Shake();

There are a number of overloads to allow you to choose how many times it shakes, the delta between shakes, add an action when the shaking is done, choose the direction it shakes, and more.

void Shake();
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta);
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta, Action handler);
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta, double interval);
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta, double interval, Action handler);
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta, double interval, ShakeDirection shakeDirection);
void Shake(int times, nfloat delta, double interval, ShakeDirection shakeDirection, Action handler);

Start Shaking!


If you like what you see, don’t forget to follow me on twitter @Suave_Pirate, check out my GitHub, and subscribe to my blog to learn more mobile developer tips and tricks!

Interested in sponsoring developer content? Message @Suave_Pirate on twitter for details.